Ontario Guide to Kneecapping a Municipal Chief Building Official

Kneecapped Chief Building Official

by:    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        CodeNews Consulting Corp., Consulting Architect
        November 11, 2019

Kneecapping is defined in the Collins English Dictionary as the act of shooting a person in the kneecap, especially as an act of retaliation. 

History has shown that many politicians, citizens, and developers have exhibited great displeasure in the way chief building officials have run their municipal building departments.  Most of the chief building officials that I know are competent, honest, incorruptible, law-abiding people who rigorously abide by the Building Code Act, which regulates building construction in Ontario.  It is this incorruptible nature of chief building officials that makes them a target.

This  guide will assist you in either getting the chief building official fired from office or, as a minimum, instilling a healthy amount of fear in the chief building official, so that the building department treats a particular project with “kid gloves”.

You may think that a chief building official is independent of a municipal council, especially after the Elliot Lake Inquiry recommended that “the Building Code Act should be amended to provide that building officials and inspectors are public office holders who are independent of the municipal council”.  (see Recommendation 1.18)  You may even point out that Subsection 1(6) of the Building Code Act was, indeed, amended by the Stronger, Fairer Ontario Act (Budget Measures), 2017 to specifically state that the role of the chief building official is to: “to exercise powers and perform duties in an independent manner”.

I’m so sorry to disappoint you, folks, but the above flowery legal language is just useless hog wash.  In the real world, the chief building official has absolutely no more protection than the municipal arena janitor (with apologies to arena janitors). 

Now let’s get into the details on how to cut that virtuous chief building official down to size:

Organization Chart

Make sure that the chief building official is not a commissioner or any high ranking position that reports directly to the municipal council.  We must ensure that the chief building official’s position is buried well down in the municipality’s organization.  Preferably, the chief building official should be, at most, a supervisor who reports to a manager, who, in turn report to a director, commissioner, etc., etc.  This will ensure that the chief building official will be a “nobody” in the organization and can be treated accordingly.

Also, ensure that the chief building official reports to a person who can be easily manipulated.  Preferably, the person should be of weak character or be known to be incompetent and fearful about keeping their job.  It will be easier to pressure the chief building official through the supervisor.

Reporting to Council

Do not, under any circumstances permit the chief building official to report directly to municipal council.  The chief building official will likely tell the truth and we cannot let that happen.  Reports from the chief building official must be routed through at least two levels of management before they see the light of day at a council meeting.  The two levels of management will ensure that any report is corrected to set the “right tone” and is politically correct.

Limit Staffing and Resources for the Building Department 

Building inspectors and plans examiners allow the chief building official to enforce the Ontario Building Code.  If we don’t provide enough staff for the chief building official, then that chief building official will be useless, right? 

The best way to cut the building department budget is to set across-the-board targets to reduce all department budgets.  Just ignore the fact that most of the building department budget is based on building permit fees (which are never cut) so that a reduction in staffing results in a surplus which likely goes into the municipality’s building permit stabilization reserve fund.  While we are on the subject of the building permit stabilization reserve fund, make sure the municipal treasurer milks the reserve fund for all it’s got to cover the “indirect costs” of running the building department.

Do Not Allow the Council to Hire or Fire the Chief Building Official 

Now comes the fun part.  We all know that Subsection 3(2) of the Building Code Act states that:

The council of each municipality shall appoint a chief building official and such inspectors as are necessary for the enforcement of this Act in the areas in which the municipality has jurisdiction.

On the face of it, only a municipal council can hire or fire a chief building official – but – this is not true.

Let me show you how to hire or fire a chief building official without the approval of the municipal council.  First of all, check out the provisions of Section 23.1 of the Municipal Act, which “authorize a municipality to delegate its powers and duties under this or any other Act to a person or body”.  That’s right folks, all you have to do is get the municipal council to pass a by-law to delegate the power to hire or fire the chief building official to anyone employed by the municipality, including the CAO or the dog catcher.  Council will never even need to know that there is a chief building official in the municipality.

Now that you have totally isolated the chief building official from council, start aiming at the kneecaps!

General Note: 

CodeNews Consulting Corp. does not advocate any of the above mentioned strategies and does not provide consulting services related to the above objectives.

© 2019 - Alek Antoniuk, CodeNews Consulting Corp. Consulting Architect - www.codenews.ca

Download a .pdf copy of the above Article.

What is Causing Buildings to Collapse in Northern Ontario?

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        March 13, 2019

When you or I visit a hospital, the last thing we want to worry about is whether the roof is going to cave in while we are in the building.  If you happened to be visiting the hospital in Blind River, Ontario on Saturday, February 23, 2019, the fear of a roof collapse would have been one of your top fears.

What happened?  Between February 23 and March 9, 2019, the North Shore Health Network (NSHN) had to re-locate its acute and long-term care patients from the Blind River hospital because of fears that the roof would collapse due to snow on the roof.  The NSHN admitted that snow was removed from the roof of the hospital under the direction from a structural engineer, over this two week period.

This is NOT supposed to happen in the province of Ontario.  In Ontario, we have an Ontario Building Code which assumes that a  hospital’s passive structural system will prevent the roof from collapsing.  Clearly there was a crisis in confidence in the strength of the roof structure supporting the snow.

The morning of Saturday, February 23, 2019, witnessed the collapse of a timber dome salt storage structure at the MTO's Haileybury, Ontario maintenance yard on Highway 558.

A couple of days earlier, on Thursday, February 21, 2019, the roof of the Lester B. Pearson Civic Centre in nearby Elliot Lake collapsed over the 340-seat auditorium, narrowly missing the members of the Elliot Lake Amateur Theatre Ensemble, who were getting ready for the final dress rehearsal for a play, which was scheduled to open the next day.

This is NOT supposed to happen in the province of Ontario.  In Ontario, a stated objective of the Ontario Building Code is to  “limit the probability that, as a result of the design or construction of a building, a person in or adjacent to the building will be exposed to an unacceptable risk of injury due to structural failure”.

At about 2:00 am on Monday, February18, 2019, the roof of the Timiskaming First Nation arena, near Notre-Dame-Du-Nord, Quebec, collapsed.  It is reported that officials confirmed the heavy snow may have led to the collapse of the roof.  The facility that only opened its ice rink in the fall of 2018.  Notre-Dame-Du-Nord is located on the Ontario-Quebec border.

The structural system of a building is supposed to be designed as a passive system - the owner of a building is not expected to regularly send people onto the roof to actively clear the snow off the roof.  It is clear that this is not the case in this part of northern Ontario.

The design of the structural system supporting the roof of a building begins with a reference to the climatic data specified in the Ontario Building Code.  The Ontario Building Code data is based on the National Building Code of Canada, which relies on the data collected by Environment Canada.
Contrary to the assertions of the eco-freaks and their run-of-the-mill, granola crunching, know-nothing leftist social justice warriors and camp followers, the ground snow load data derived from Environment Canada’s statistics indicates no significant climatic data changes.

The first three editions of the Ontario Building Code used working stress design and used a single ground snow load value.  Limit states design was introduced in the 1990 Ontario Building Code, along with separate loads for snow, SS, and rain, SR.  The 1990 and 1997 editions of the Ontario Building Code used snow and rain data based on a 1 in 30 years probability of being exceeded.  Subsequent editions of the Ontario Building Code use values based on  a 1 in 50 years probability of being exceeded.

Admittedly, the design methods specified in the Ontario Building Code have changed over the years.  The latest (2015) edition of the National Building Code of Canada has made further changes, which have not been adopted in the Ontario Building Code at this time.

It remains unclear why the roofs are collapsing in this part of Northern Ontario.  Are there any other factors at play?

The days are now getting longer, the weather is slowly warming up, and the snow will soon disappear, even from the roofs in Norther Ontario.  It is likely everyone will forget about this issue ....... until the next heavy snow storm in Northern Ontario next winter.

As much as we would like, this question will not go away until the Chief Building Official for Ontario takes steps to find the answers.

Photo supplied by Francis Rivard, Chief Building Official, Temiskaming Municipal Services Association
Photo supplied by Francis Rivard, Chief Building Official, Temiskaming Municipal Services Association

Download a .pdf copy of the above Article.

The State of Oregon can't stop people from calling themselves engineers.

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        January 2, 2019

On January 2, 2019 at 20:33, Thomas Claburn reported in The Register that, last week, US Magistrate Judge Stacie Beckerman converted an earlier preliminary injunction into a permanent one, which limits the application of the state's Professional Engineer Registration Act.

The State of Oregon (like many other North American judisdicitons) had prohibited individuals from representing themselves as engineers unless they had registered as professional engineers. Unregistered engineers risked being fined simply for using the title "engineer".

The court ruling allows people to communicate their views about mathematical equations (traffic light camera equations, in this particular case) publicly and privately without the review of an Oregon-licensed professional engineer, provided that communication isn't done as a government employee or contractor.

Read the entire article on The Register web site.

In spite of the total corporate media blackout, Faith Goldy finished in third place in the 2018 election for Mayor of Toronto.

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        October 22, 2018

This is an especially remarkable achievement because the deep state corporate media cabal made it impossible for her to run a campaign:

In essence, John Tory has been elected mayor by Toronto's corporate media, which subverted the democratic process by silencing Faith Goldy's campaign.
The 2018 election campaign proves that most of the information we receive is either filtered or cut off by the likes of Google, Rogers Media, Bell Media, and the other members of this corporate media cabal that is working to imprison our minds.

Ontario Building E-permitting – 2018 Update

© by Alek Antoniuk, OAA

         July 9, 2018

In 2017, Ontario municipalities received over 180,000 building permit applications.  The vast majority of these applications were made in person, where the permit applicant traveled to the building department, waited in line to be served, waited for the counter clerk to review the application, paid the permit fee, and then traveled back to the office or home.

If it took an average of 2 hours for an applicant to travel to the building department and apply for a building permit, at a minimum wage salary of $15/hr., the lost productivity for Ontario is $5 million every single year.  Many people have told me that $15/hr. is an unrealistically low salary for the design and construction industry: agreed! – let’s double the salary! – then Ontario’s lost productivity becomes over $10 million a year.

That $10 million a year will buy more than 20 brand new detached houses in Belleville this year, next year, and thereafter.  What would you rather choose:  drive to the building department and wait in line to apply for a permit; OR enable the Ontario economy to provide those 20 brand new detached houses in Belleville for young families next year and thereafter?

How do we make this happen?

In its report, titled "Streamlining the Development and Building Approvals Process in Ontario", released on July 4, 2018, the Residential Construction Council of Ontario (RESCON) proposed a building e-permitting pilot project to transition the current antiquated Ontario system to a state-of-the-art system.

Some Ontario municipalities have attempted to build their own building e-permitting systems and the results have not been pretty:

From the user’s point of view, it is preferable to have one, uniform user e-permitting interface for the entire province.  After all, Ontario already has one, common permit application form, as well as one Building Code for the entire province.

Municipal building departments have invested millions of dollars in their individual data bases (such as Amanda) and processes.  They would resist any changes that would render their current systems obsolete.  Therefore, it would be prudent to design a building e-permitting system that has a common user interface but the system would have “back-end” connections to the existing “legacy” municipal systems.

 An e-permitting interface for Ontario has to be capable of handling enormous data files, process financial payments, and maintain security for users and municipalities.  The information technology component of the project would likely be outsourced.

Who would administer the Ontario Building E-permitting Interface?

In view of the new Ontario government's need to contain costs, this may be a good time to move the Building and Development Branch's code development, production, and regulatory functions into a designated administrative authority, in order to eliminate these costs from the government's financial books.  The Building and Development Branch would become a 3 person policy shop funded by the taxpayer whereas the Building Code Designated Administrative Authority would manage the Ontario Building E-permitting Interface and the code development, production, and administrative functions.

Since annual building permit fees in Ontario are about $200 million, a 1% - 3% surcharge on building permit fees would support a streamlined designated administrative authority and free up some cash for the provincial government that is currently being spent to fund the Building and Development Branch.  A 3% permit surcharge would enable the Building Code Designated Administrative Authority to produce and distribute the electronic version of the entire 2-volume Ontario Building Code for FREE to all college and university students, designers, builders, and anyone else who wants one. 

Richard Lyall, RESCON President, provided some useful insights about the e-permitting recommendations as follows:

"This is low-hanging fruit for Premier Doug Ford and the new Ontario government. One of their platform planks was to cut red tape to help industry thrive – we recommend they start here."

 Download a .pdf copy of the above Article.

What will the Ontario Building Code require for electric vehicle charging stations, beginning on January 1, 2018 .......?

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        November 15, 2017
NEMA 5-20R Ontario Building Code - Electric Vehicle Charging

What will the Ontario Building Code require for electric vehicle charging stations, beginning on January 1, 2018 .......?  That was a controversial question discussed on Tuesday, November 14, 2017, when Alek Antoniuk delivered a seminar to the Wellington Waterloo District Chapter of the Ontario Building Officials Association on the major changes to the Ontario Building Code that are contained in O. Reg. 139/17.

The 20/80 rule in the requirements of O. Reg. 139/17 is ambiguous when it comes to buildings that contain parking spaces.

Here is a copy of a slide that was reviewed at the meeting:

For a presentation or consultation on the electric vehicle charging station requirements, contact Alek Antoniuk at +1-416-856-0241

Professional Design and Review of Buildings in Ontario . . . Unfinished Business

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        August 31, 2017

In the Beginning

In 1984, the Professional Engineers of Ontario (PEO) and the Ontario Association of Architects (OAA) essentially divided up the professional design “pie” so that PEO licence holders and architects gained the exclusive right to design and conduct general reviews of significant buildings in Ontario. This exclusivity is shared in a carefully negotiated arrangement between professional engineers and architects that is set out in complementary provisions of the Professional Engineers Act, 1984 and the Architects Act, 1984.  Both statutes were enacted in 1984. A Joint Practice Board of the two professions is supposed to help avoid confusion and conflicts between them.

In 1984, the Ontario Building Code, a regulation made pursuant to the Building Code Act, was amended to reflect the division of the design and general review “pie” between professional engineers and architects.  The Ontario Building Code contained a Design and General Review Table, which reflected the design and general review divisions embedded in the Professional Engineers Act, 1984 and the Architects Act, 1984.  Where an application was made for a building permit, a municipal building official would check the drawings to ensure that the design was prepared in accordance with the Ontario Building Code’s Design and General Review Table.  For 22 years, between 1984 and 2007, this arrangement worked very well because municipal building officials would not issue building permits if the design drawings contravened the Design and General Review Table.

The Government Fixes Something That Ain’t Broken

Bill 124, the Building Code Statute Law Amendment Act, 2002, proclaimed on July 25, 2003, amended the Building Code Act to require all building officials and all designers submitting designs for the purpose of obtaining a building permit to be qualified and registered by the government, effective January 1, 2006.  Needless to say, this upset a lot of professional engineers and architects, since they already considered themselves to be qualified to design buildings and they did not appreciate more government red tape.

Professional Designers Challenge the Government

The PEO, supported by the OAA, challenged the Ontario government’s authority to regulate the practice of the province’s professional engineers under the Building Code Act.  The PEO) applied for a judicial review of Bill 124 to clarify the exclusive jurisdiction of self-regulating professions.  In 2007, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice confirmed the exclusive jurisdiction of the PEO and the OAA to regulate the practice of engineering and architecture, respectively.  The Court declared that the professional qualification and registration requirements of the Building Code Act and Ontario Building Code do not apply to any holder of any licence or certificate issued under the Professional Engineers Act.  That was the good news.

Unintended Consequences

Unfortunately, the Court also found that the Building Code Act did not provide sufficient authority to allocate responsibility for the design of buildings between members of the professional engineering and architectural professions in the Ontario Building Code.  The effect of this decision was to invalidate the Ontario Building Code’s Design and General Review Table.  In other words, the proverbial “baby was thrown out with the bath water”.

In December, 2007, the PEO and the OAA recognized the mess that was created and issued a joint bulletin, entitled “Design and General Review Requirements for Buildings in the Province of Ontario”, which encapsulated the scopes of practice contained in their legislation.  This joint bulletin was sent to all Ontario chief building officials on January 3, 2008 to be used as a guide.  Although the joint bulletin was useful because it contained a table that could be easily referenced to determine whether professional design was required for a building permit application, it was unenforceable by municipal building officials. 

After the 2007 Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision, municipal building officials could no longer demand that certain buildings had to be designed by professional engineers and architects.  Indeed, a building official could not refuse to issue a permit for a 20 storey residential condominium building where a non-professional designer, who was qualified and registered under Bill 124, prepared the design. 

The simple solution to this absurdity would have been to amend the Building Code Act to reinstate the Ontario Building Code’s Design and General Review Table.    The OAA and the building officials’ organizations supported this simple solution.  Of course, the PEO would not permit this.  The PEO had won the court case and there was no way they would back off on this point.

Although municipal building officials continued to have the authority to refer plans to the PEO and the OAA for enforcement of the Professional Engineers Act and the Architects Act, municipal building officials had no authority to enforce those statutes.

Neither of the two main Ontario associations representing building officials took part in the2007 judicial review.  The Ontario Superior Court judges had to rely only on the arguments presented by the PEO, the OAA, and the Ontario government.  Had the Ontario Building Officials Association or the Large Municipalities Chief Building Officials been involved, one can only speculate that the outcome of the case would have been different.

Professional Design Table Removed From the Ontario Building Code

In response to the Court’s decisions, the 2012 Ontario Building Code (O. Reg. 332/12), which came into effect on January 1, 2014, deleted the “professional design table” from Section 1.2.1., “Design”, of Division C.  A version of this table was relocated to Section 1.2.2., “General Review”, of Division C of the 2012 Ontario Building Code to apply only to general review requirements, since the 2007 Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision did not address general review.   

The 2012 Ontario Building Code is silent on when professional design is required for a building.  All references to an “architect” or a “professional engineer” have been replaced by a “suitably qualified and experienced person”.

The Government Fixes Something That Is Broken

Finally, 7 years after the Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision, the Ontario Legislature passed the Building Opportunity and Securing Our Future Act (Budget Measures), 2014 and the Act received Royal Assent on July 24, 2014.  Schedule 3 of the Act amended the Building Code Act, 1992 to establish the requirement for professional design of buildings. 

Schedule 3 amended the Building Code Act to update the list of conditions under which chief building officials may refuse to issue building permits.  Schedule 3 of the amendment permits chief building officials to refuse to issue permits where “the Architects Act or the Professional Engineers Act requires that the proposed construction of the building be designed by an architect or a professional engineer or a combination of both and the proposed construction is not so designed.”

The effect of this amendment to the Building Code Act is that a municipal building official has to read the Architects Act or the Professional Engineers Act in order to determine whether to issue a building permit.  Plus ça change!  Now, instead of consulting the old Design and General Review Table, a municipal building official has to interpret the professional design Acts!

In the meantime, the PEO continues to maintain its long held view that building officials are not authorized to adjudicate between professional engineers and architects with respect to which professional designer is required to be involved in the design of a building.  Clearly, this is an unresolved issue that was not addressed by the 2014 amendments to the Building Code Act.

Green Energy Ain't Perfect.

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        July 18, 2017

We often fall into the trap of believing what politicians want us to believe, regardless of whether it is true or not.  We were promised a green economy which would be a nirvana for everyone.  Today, the Globe and Mail reports that 340 real people will lose their jobs in spite of the corporate welfare provided to green energy firms to set up industries in Ontario.

We need to re-examine many of the "truths" we have been fed, especially about climate.  Climate change models that change every week are not a basis for investing trillions of dollars for an unproven outcome.

Why an East London Bethnal Green Solar Panel Fire is just as likely in Ontario, Canada.

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        July 9, 2017

Following the 2003 Ontario general election, which was won by the Ontario Liberal Party, led by Dalton McGuinty, Ontario's civil servants were tasked with dismantling the Common Sense Revolution championed by Premier Mike Harris.  By 2006, civil servants in the Building and Development Branch were given instructions to remove all PERCEIVED barriers to "certain green technologies" in the Ontario Building Code.  At that time, I was the Manager for the technical development of the Ontario Building Code and, as a civil servant, it was my duty to obey the orders of the Central Committee Cabinet.

The Code Development Unit staff produced a list of changes that could be implemented to fulfill the wishes of the respresentatives elected by the people of Ontario.  Although I did not recommend any of the proposed changes that our Unit drafted, the policy and political wonks accepted all of them.  The most ill-advised change that was accepted was to permit combustible solar collectors on roofs of buildings required to be of noncombustible construction:  Combustible Solar Collector Systems

(1) A combustible solar collector system is permitted to be installed above the roof of a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

All of the changes were incorporated into Ontario Regulation 349/06, which amended the 1997 Ontario Building Code.  So there you have it - in the name of making Ontario green, the code change increased the fire hazard of buildings in Ontario.  The permission to install combustible solar collectors applies to roofs of high rise buildings as well as low rise buildings.  There is no height limit.......!

The U.K.'s Express reported on July 9, 2017 that:

"A block of flats in Bethnal Green, east London, caught fire last Sunday with around 80 firefighters attending the scene and initial suggestions are that the solar panels appear to have caught fire."

If it can happen in Bethnal Green, it can just as easily happen in Ontario.

Available: Amendment Package #6 for the OBC Compendium

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        June 30, 2017

Amendment Package #6 (July 1, 2017 update) for the Compendium Version of the Ontario Building Code is now available for free downloading, as Publication Number 510159, from the ServiceOntario Publications website. This package includes the changes arising from O. Reg. 139/17, parts of which are scheduled to come into effect on July 1, 2017 and January 1, 2018.

Follow this direct download link to the free 412 page amendment package.

The most significant Ontario Building Code changes that will come into effect on July 1, 2017 include:

I'm not making this up .... See Section 53.(2) of O. Reg. 139/17:

   53(2)  Article of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentence:

   (14)  In a house containing two dwelling units, return-air from one dwelling unit may be recirculated to the other dwelling unit, provided a duct-type smoke detector is installed in the supply or return air duct system serving the entire house which would turn off the fuel supply and electrical power to the heating system upon activation of such detector.

There you have it!  In the next new house in Ontario, you will have the opportunity to smell the excrement and urine and body odours of your neighbour, as they are blown directly into your own living room.  Of course, the smell of  your neighbour's burning hemp will alleviate the other smells.

Why a London Grenfell Tower fire is less likely in Ontario, Canada

by    Alek Antoniuk, OAA
        June 14, 2017

When the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes (CCBFC) published the 2005 edition of the National Building Code (NBC), one of the most significant changes was to permit combustible components in the cladding of tall sprinklered buildings of unlimited height.

Following the changes to the 2005 NBC, there was pressure on Ontario to follow the lead of the CCBFC.  Ontario’s Chief Building Official and Director of the Building and Development Branch, David Brezer, P. Eng. and the Branch’s Code Development Manager, Alek Antoniuk, OAA reviewed the NBC changes and were not convinced that the combustible cladding changes were proven to be safe.  Branch staff recommended that the Ontario government not proceed to change Ontario’s Building Code to permit combustible cladding in buildings of unlimited height.  It was deemed prudent to refrain from amending the Ontario Building Code for at least one code cycle in order to see the experience of other jurisdictions that had implemented the change.

Therefore, Ontario kept a height restriction of 6 storeys for sprinklered buildings and 3 storeys for unsprinklered buildings in Sentence of Div. B of the Ontario Building Code.  Ontario remained one of the few jurisdictions in North America with restrictions on the height of buildings with combustible cladding.

Ontario’s caution was justified as a significant number of buildings around the world have experienced cladding fires.  Although these buildings are protected by automatic sprinkler systems, standard sprinkler systems are ineffective against fires on the exterior of buildings.  Ontario’s 6 storey limit is based on the ability of emergency responders to use fire hoses on the exterior of the building to control cladding fires.

It will be interesting to see whether other jurisdictions will align their building codes to match Ontario’s wise choice made over a decade ago.

About this site:

Alek Antoniuk, OAA

This web site is developed by
Alek Antoniuk, OAA, BCIN #14661
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
cell: +1-416-856-0241
Alek Antoniuk's e-mail address in a graphic
The e-mail address is a graphic to ward off spam robots .....!  
Note that there is a "." (dot) between "alek" and "antoniuk".!

Alek Antoniuk, the principal of CodeNews Consulting Corp., Consulting Architect,
provides the following fee-based services to assist you:


Unlike Google, this site does not use or care about cookies and does not track you.  See the HTML source code of this page, to convince yourself......!


It takes a lot of work to maintain this site as one of the most valued repositories for current information on Building Codes in Canada.
The content of this site is copyrighted and may not be reproduced unless specifically permitted by the author, Alek Antoniuk.
You are permitted, of course, to provide links to this site.

Final words and images:

“The fundamental question of our time is whether the West has the will to survive.
  Do we have the confidence in our values to defend them at any cost?
  Do we have enough respect for our citizens to protect our borders?
  Do we have the desire and the courage to preserve our civilization in the face of those who would subvert and destroy it?"
Donald Trump, President of the United States of America
July 6, 2017, Warszawa, Polska

© 2019
Last updated on:  08-MAR-2019